Collision Glossary Terms

When having your car repaired, you may encounter different terms that you are not familiar with when dealing with the repair shop personnel. To help you get rid of your confusion, here are some collision terms and what they mean.

Aftermarket Parts or A/M

Vehicle replacement components made by a third party manufacturer, not the original equipment.

Air Drying

Process of drying the paint applied to the vehicle by exposing it to air under normal room temperature.

Basecoat and Clearcoat System

A paint scheme that utilizes a highly pigmented base coat and a clear coat for the gloss effect and durability.


A heavy metal platform which is used to restore the automotive’s structure back to its original specifications.


A detailed summary of the work needed to be done to repair and restore a damaged vehicle.


Stands for Certified Automotive Parts Association. The aftermarket parts are certified by CAPA to insure the quality of these equipment and test it to be at par with the OEM.

Chip Guard

A chip-resistant coating applied to the vehicle’s panels to protect it from chipping or removal of paint caused by sharp objects, stones or other debris.

Claims Adjuster

A person assigned by the insurance company to settle claims by assessing the claims made and recommending a payment process in accordance with the coverage of the policy.


This is the amount paid by the insured after a collision incident which is still not covered by the insurance policy. The insurance company assumes the cost over the deductible amount up to the specified limit.


Refers to the final cleaning process done inside and outside the vehicle including the finishing touches, removal of overspray and polishing before the car’s delivery.

Direct Repair Shop

These are repair shops preferred by insurance companies that are included in the direct repair program of your provider.

Edge-to-edge Repair

A restoration process which refers to a complete panel repair and not just spot repairs.


A repair process which removes rust and old paint from the vehicle’s surface.


An acronym for Like Kind and Quality, used part recovered from a scrapped vehicle.


The process of covering areas of the vehicle which should not be painted.


Stands for Original Equipment Manufacturer, replacement parts distributed by the original manufacturer.


Also means overhaul which includes different processes such as disassembling, inspection, replacement and reinstallation of parts.

Paintless Dent Repair

Techniques used to remove minor dents from the body panel without damaging the paint.

R & I

Acronym for remove and install which refers to the parts that are being removed during repair process and installed back to the vehicles.

R & R

Acronym for remove and replace which refers to the parts removed from the vehicles and replaced with a new or reused car parts.


This refers to the used original parts repaired or restored by a licensed manufacturer or third party merchant.

Total Loss

The condition of a collision-damaged vehicle wherein the cost of the repair is greater than the market value of the vehicle

Water-borne Paint

The use of water to adjust the paint’s viscosity for automotive refinish painting.

Written by Marc Laferierre, owner of Dents Unlimited. Dents Unlimited is the go to auto shop for collision repair in Columbia, MO.


Categories: General Articles

Benefits of Automotive Window Tinting

Automotive Window Tinting offers many benefits for the driver and passengers while providing protection for the car itself. It also provides a sharp appearance in which drivers have the advantage of seeing, but the thief did not have the advantage of seeing the inside.

Ultra Violet Rays
Auto Car Window Tinting reflects sunlight from the interior of the car and provides UV protection. Windows are not protected simply reject up to 28 percent of UV rays in the color of the car while providing up to 99 percent protection. Car interior color does not fade easily because of this UV protection. Drivers spend about 60-90 minutes in a car every day and is subject to ultra violet rays when the windows are not tinted. Tinted windows to protect the driver from the rays and reduce the risk of skin cancer.

Keeping cool
Ultra violet rays produces heat, which causes high-temperature car was covered up. This heat can reach unbearable temperatures in warm climates and can cause the coating flake and peel, or dashboard to solve. Expensive leather interior may be dry and cracked. Extreme heat also causes the chemicals in the seat to be released into the compartment. Chemicals used in refractory material, such as Polybromiated diphenyl ether or chemicals used to make soft plastics, such as phthalates, contaminating the interior of the car when high summer. Automotive coloring reduce up to 80 percent of the heat that caused this pollution. Not only that, but improve the efficiency of automobile air-conditioning for the interior temperature is very cold.

Light from the sun directly or indirectly cause eyestrain. Many things that cause glare include sunlight, sunlight reflecting on the snow and the lights will come in darkness. Car color reduces glare and makes it easier and more convenient to view by reflecting sunlight or light from windows or by filtering before eyes. Less glare reducing the chance of not being able to see the danger on the road.

Accident insurance protection
Car window staining is a film that is applied to the windows using a strong adhesive. This adhesive holds the glass together and prevents crushing in the event there is a high impact accident. This protects the driver and passengers from shattered glass and makes cleaning easier.

Types of color
Car tints come in several different colors, including blue, gray, charcoal and brown. High-performance hybrid or color is best for most to resist heat rays of the sun and the most reasonable price and rejected the rip, bubbling and color. Check the local municipality for restrictions coloring car windows. Some locations that really limits tinted windows while others allow a certain percentage of visible light transmission, which is known as the VLT, from 25-70 percent. VLT apply for visibility in the vehicle from outside sources and low VLT less light is transmitted and darker colors. Many jurisdictions choose to be able to identify the driver and passenger in the vehicle. The most common car window coloring VLT is 35%.

Categories: General Articles

Tips to Financial Freedom at Young Age

Each worker must have a focus and purpose in order to achieve financial freedom from a young age. According to finance gossip, there are some people who are free from financial problems when they are young. One of the financial planner who does not want to be named said that the financial freedom is a financial condition to the achievement of investment is quite a lot, relatively safe and the results are sufficient to live a lifestyle that we want. This means that the value of money that can be saved is still greater than the value of the expenditure that must be spent on necessities.

Every worker who has experienced this, tend to be free from concern over deficiencies in subsistence. Workers who already are in this step, is no longer prioritize monthly income jobs because they have sufficient savings or investments. Young, single workers and very easy to reach this stage when accompanied by financial arrangements that are more intelligent and disciplined.

Here are tips that you need to employ to achieve financial freedom at a very early:

1. Saving money on an ongoing basis

According to that financial planner, encourage a disciplined saving and scrimping and saving some time later it can be rotated into the investment side will be passive income. “Saving money is delayed gratification in the present, but the result is very effective to achieve greater goals in the future,” he said. Discipline aside money saving as much as 30 percent of your monthly income. As for the other 70 percent can be used for subsistence.

2. Life-saving and green

Single young workers are particularly vulnerable consumptive life. It is estimated that about 40-50 percent of the revenue can be discharged to the habit of spending money outside because not accustom themselves to live more simply. However, when you try to live a greener, for example, own cooking and eating are limited to essential needs, then 70 percent of the cost of your needs will likely not run out. Then focus on ourselves to achieve the goal of living a more settled.

3. Get rid of the winding monthly credit bills

Remember you can not tamper with the costs they had previously planned. For expenditure, share of 70 percent has been included into the cost of your bill each month eg motor credit or goods. So set your finances back on budget spending.

You young future way of life will determine your life in the future. The process of work done in this period will indeed be very painful, because it requires itself to downsize and tend to be less free, but the results of this discipline you will get in the future. Life is a choice, so what is your choice? It is all up to you. Just like what Whinston Churchill said “We make a living by what we get. We make a life by what we give.” So don’t be afraid to make mistakes. Be afraid of not learning from them.

Categories: General Articles

The Path To Finding Better Dentists

Easy and Simple Guide When Looking For A Good Dentist

It is not an easy thing to do looking for a dentist that is capable of providing the best service. Regardless of where you are living or residing, this can still become such a tedious and daunting task, especially if you have no idea where to start looking as you haven’t been to one for a while. That might be case yet, with the tip that we will be providing you with the use of this article, you will find that looking for a great dentist is no difficult as you first perceive it to be.

When looking for a great dentist, you can actually ask the people in your locality, whom you know and trust, for referrals and recommendations. You can also you friends, neighbors, co-workers, family members and colleagues for referrals and recommendations about the dentist that they went to for their dental needs. Once they have recommended you with the dentists that they are confident in, you also need to ask them about the qualitative factors or the selling point of the dentist they referred to you. You also need to find out if the dentist they have recommended is friendly, approachable, has a nice waiting lounge and employs great staffs.

Being new to the area means we also do not know even a single person living there thus our dilemma would be who to ask for recommendation about a good dentist. Asking for recommendations from people who are in the position to know about some of the top notch dentist in the area you have moved in is the best solution that you can have for your situation. Oftentimes, health facilities as well as hospitals are hiring the services of dentist therefore, they are the best place and the best people you can turn to when looking for the best dentist. There is only one thing that you need to do and that is to call them up and ask for referrals.
The Essential Laws of Professionals Explained

Asking a local dental school for referrals about the best dentist is also another choice that you can opt for. We all know for a fact that dental schools are in great position to tell you who the best dentist are in your locality. And also, there is also that fact that dental schools are known for offering lower rates in comparison to the rates charged by ordinary dentists for dental care. Surely, the ones who will be performing you dental care are students of such school however, there is no need for you to worry about your safety as they will be strictly supervised by an immensely experience dentist who knows what they are doing.Case Study: My Experience With Experts

Categories: General Articles

Offerings Hôtel Satisfaisant

Champ d’affaires en hôtellerie
Hôtel est un conteneur qui fournit un moyen de résidence temporaire (hébergement) au public, à savoir: ceux qui viennent avec des objectifs différents, les intentions et les buts de l. a. région où l’ Riad marrakech est domicilié.
Golf marrakech choose out out out domestic dans les lieux ou dans l’environnement de l. a. région qui ont le potentiel d’être go toé, comme landscape, les coutumes sociales, sociale, culturelle, comme le centre du gouvernement, des centres commerciaux, centres d’activités religieuses et spirituelles et autres.
Hotel marrakech comme résidence temporaire doit refléter les habitudes culturelles de l. a. société au sens large.
profession Hôtel devrait refléter l’atmosphère d’une dynamique, créative, et peut créer une atmosphère qui est homogène dans le milieu d’une atmosphère hétérogène dans l. a. location où se trouve l’hôtel.
III. employer corporation corporation commercial enterprise organization enterprise agency facilities Hôtel
L’hôtel est une partie intégrante de l’activité touristique selon le décret Menparpostel mentionné comme un établissement d’hébergement commercialisé en fournissant des installations comme healthful:
1. chambre (chambre)
2. Alimentation et boissons
3. offerings Autre soutien tels que:
four. Zones de loisirs
five. Les installations sportives
6. blanchisserie, and so forth.
Hôtel est un business company organisation d’affaires qui sont assez compliqué sa gestion, en fournissant diverses installations qui peuvent être utilisés par ses clients pendant 24 heures (à l. a. beauty 4 et hôtels five étoiles). En outre, l’entreprise d’hôtel peut également soutenir les activités des hommes d’affaires qui voyagent pour affaires ou pour les touristes en voyage pour visiter les zones de excursion spot touristique, et avait besoin d’un endroit pour rester, manger et boire et de divertissement.
Fig. 2.1 image more than one constructing Hôtel
Des exemples de bâtiments Hôtel – l’industrie hôtelière
Exemple de l’immeuble de l’hôtel
En outre, il est souvent fourni un moyen de soutien tels que: installations sportives, centre d’affaires, piscine, musique stay, et d’autres kinds d’factors of interest. Un organisation agency corporation organization business enterprise amical de l. a. haute direction à l’renté exécutif est tenu de fournir l. a. satisfaction à chaque patron.
Les installations de l’hôtel ont généralement comme healthy:
– services d’hébergement
– Entretien manger et boire
– offerings blanchisserie
– offerings de bawa’an
– Les services utilisent des meubles et d’autres
– Les services à fournir pour les voyageurs qui passent l. a. nuit à l’hôtel
1. Ministère de l’hôtellerie
1. corporation de l. a. salle:
• the the the the the the the the the front workplace, sert à fournir des services à l’avant de l’hôtel
• department chambre, sert à l’manage à l’égard des chambres
• Entretien ménager, fonction dans l. a. configuration du problème et l. a. chambre de nettoyage
• Réservation, fonctions acceptent les réservations des customers et des agences
• roommaid / roomboy, sert à préparer et salle blanche
• Bellboy, fournir des offerings d’escorte et de transporter les clients
• l. a. fonction de l’opérateur est de fournir des services au télémobile cellular cellular telephone
2. meals & Beverage Département:
• prepare dinner, sert à préparer le menu en fonction de l’ordre et servi pd F & B production
• Steward, aide le cuisinier pour nettoyer les ustensiles de cuisine
• Serveur / Serveuse, fonction pd invité est de fournir des offerings et servi sur F & B enterprise
3. organisation de l. a. comptabilité:
• Caisse générale, le fonctionnement administre les recettes monétaires et les débours et a servi dans le all all all all over again-place of business
• auditeur sur le revenu, le fonctionnement de revenus rapport de l’hôtel et est responsable du contrôle
• crédit, le fonctionnement des analyses de crédit de crédit et des besoins de trésorerie de l’hôtel
• Le personnel (comptabilité débiteurs, Acconting à payer), aide à l. a. gestion des créances et dettes
• advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and advertising and advertising and advertising and advertising and marketing / Ventes, les fonctions administratives de advertising and marketing and marketing and advertising and marketing and marketing and advertising and advertising and advertising and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and advertising and marketing and marketing and marketing and advertising and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and advertising and advertising and marketing and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and advertising and marketing and advertising and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing and advertising and marketing de l’hôtel
• les fonctions d’manipulate du employees, du employees de l’hôtel
4. Monor Département:
o l’opérateur, permet de fournir des téléphoniste
o blanchisserie, fonction fournit buanderie ménage
o interest, sert à fournir des services d’installations sportives
o Sauna et d’autres
five. Autres fonctions:
o Achats, servent à acheter des biens pour hôtel
o sécurité, sert à maintenir l. a. sécurité de l’hôtel
o Houseman, de travailler en dehors de l. a. salle de reimbursement


Categories: General Articles