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Reasons for Product Testing

Industries make most of the products we use in our lives. Drugs, cosmetics, electrical goods, hardware and others in that category are some of the products we use from the industries. The raw materials used to make these products are diverse. The effect of these goods on the people using them or the environment may sometimes be unknown and exposing them to the public without testing might be risky. Testing of the in the industrial goods has thus been made compulsory by the government.

Consumer testing, product testing and comparative testing all refer to the same process of ascertaining the quality of industrial goods. Product testing involves doing a number of tests on products before they can be released to the public for use. Product testing is however done on a representative sample and not on the entire stash of goods produced. The overall rating of the products is, therefore, the results of the selected samples on the tests they were subjected to. Any product you see in the market has already undergone a number of tests before it was allowed into the market. Let us see some of the tests performed on consumer products before their release for use.

Firstly, there are a series of tests done specifically for products like food, drugs and cosmetics. Before being tested on humans, the products are first tested on animals. A manufacturer testing any product on any animals has to give an assurance of protecting the test animals. The other assumption made is that effects of the product on the animals will be similar to those exhibited by humans. An animal will then be given both oral and dermal tests of the product. To test for the products effects when ingested, oral tests are performed on the animals. Dermal tests are then administered to ascertain the effects of the products to the skin of the animal and humans. Once a product has passed the animal test, it can then be tested on human subjects.

For products that we do not consume, the tests are not done on animals. Vehicles, mobile phones, televisions, utensils and other like items are examples in this category. These products have tests based on their expected uses. How these tests are done is by replicating real-life use environment of the products with a similitude of an environment. Stresses and all other dynamics that are bound to face the product in real life scenarios are created artificially and imposed on the product. Some of these tests based on the use of different product may include light, noise, wind, vibrations and many more.

The final tests before the release of any product for use are the environmental tests. Environmental tests are done to assess the effects of the product or its resides on the environment. Decomposition of the products as well as the release of any harmful gases are the things environmental tests focus on. A product cannot be released for use if it fails in this area.

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